'Collections for a history of the family of
Malthus' by J. O. Payne

 

Webmaster Introduction

 
 
PREFACE.
========

    There is perhaps little necessity for many observations by
way of introduction to these pages which purport to be merely a
summary of original records of the family of Malthus. The
name is certainly of excessive rarity, and as such, one that
possesses considerable attractions for the genealogist. Some-
thing must in the first place be said relative to its origin, as to
which however there appears to be a little variety of opinion.
Mr. Edward Peacock, for example, writes from Bottesford
Manor: "Malthouse = Maltus is a most uncommon name; I
apprehend that it takes its origin from the man who superintended
the malt-house. In former days it was the custom of the great
land-owners and abbeys to make their own malt;.. a malt-house
is yet standing in the village of Crosby, near here, but it has not
been used for many years." Similarly, Lower in his Patronymica
Britannica
gives "Malthus as a corruption of Malthouse," and
elsewhere too, assigns "Bakehouse" as the origin of the name
"Backhouse" and "Bacchus," adding, "thus the provider of
bread has assimilated himself to the tutelar divinity of wine!"
On the other hand, Mr. Robert Ferguson in his Surnames as a
Science
, published in 1863, suggests that the word Malthus may
be derived from "mal," signifying to "maul," and "Thius," a


viTHE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

servant; old German "Malutheus," English, "Malthus ". The
same writer in his English Surnames and their place in the
Teutonic Family
, published in 1858, says, p. 367, "I do not
think that Backhouse and Malthus are from a bakehouse and a
malt-house, but from the proper names Back and Malt. The
latter I do not find at present, but it occurs in a charter of
Edward, A.D. 1060, 'Jaulf Maltes sune'. It is also found in
the local name Maltby, and it is the same as a present Danish
name Malthe."
    And the fact that Ferguson suggests a possible connection
between the name of Malthus and that of Maltes, induces us
to say something more of this charter to which he alludes. It is
printed in Thorpe's Diplomatarium Anglicum AEvi Saxonici, p.
385, the original being among the MSS., of the Soc. of Antiq.
[lx. fol. 276. b.].
    Now, from Dugdale [I. 3481] we learn that Leofric abbot of
Peterborough, who was related to the royal family, redeemed of
King Edward certain lands belonging to the church at Fiskerton
for 20 marks, and this charter confirms the grant of Fiskerton,
a parish some 4 miles from Lincoln, to the Abbey of Peterboro'
in 1060, the "son of Jaulf Maltes" being the last to attach his
"mark" to it. Subjoined are the names of all as they occur in
the charter itself: "Ego AEduuardus rex constitui. Ego
AEdgyth regina concessi. Ego Stigandus archiepiscopus collau-
davi. Ego Aldredus archiepiscopus comprobavi. Ego Wlfuuius
Lincolie antistes corroboravi. Ego Haroldus dux favi. Ego
Tostinus dux testis fui. Signum Raulfi regis dapiferi. Signum
Asgaeri regis dapiferi. Signum Marlesuuein. Signum Godrici


PREFACE.vii

filius AEdgyfe. Signum Ulf de Lincolia. Signum Askyl Tokes
sune. Signum Jaulf Maltes sune."
    Still, it would be a bold thing to affirm that it was a veritable
ancestor of Thomas Robert Malthus who once stood in such
goodly company. Nevertheless it may have been so.
    But again. From a volume of Early Lincoln Wills edited
in 1888 by Mr. Alfred Gibbons, it is certainly curious to find
that one " Robert Maltest is an executor of the will of Robert de
Sutton, a merchant of Lincoln, dated 28th Aug., 1413, and proved
21st April, 1414. Robert Malster is also named (p. 152) in the
will of John Norman, citizen and merchant of Lincoln, dated
Sunday, F. of St. Matthew, 1419, in which he leaves to Elizabeth,
the da. of John Sutton, of Wyflyngham unam placeam cum suis
pertinentibus, in the parish of Wycford, co. Lincoln, which
Robert Malster now holds." These extracts are not without
their importance taken in connection with the fact that a branch
of the Malthus family was certainly for a long time settled at
Northorpe, in Lincolnshire, as will presently appear.
    And next to the origin of the name, something must be
said as to the crest and arms borne by the family. As far as can
be ascertained there appears to be no record of any grant of
arms at the Herald's College, but in the English edition of his
work on pyrotechny, published in 1629, the author, Francis
Malthus, singularly enough gives them on his title page: "Or.
a saltier, compony argent and sable," with the crest, "a pelican
vulning herself, ppr.," the motto being, "Honor justitiae
praemium".
    "These," writes Colonel Malthus, "the family has always


viiiTHE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

borne;" he adds: "the crest is very rare and indeed I doubt if
there is another family which bears it exactly: there is a
difference either in colour or the addition of a nest and young
which is common enough. As to the motto, the Rev. H.
Malthus and I believe his father the Professor substituted
'virtutis' for 'justitiae'."
    We may moreover call attention to the fact that William
Malthus of Binfield, 200 years before the time of Francis
Malthus, when executing his will desired to be buried "in
Ecclesia fratrum pnedicatorum Londini sub lapide marmoreo
cum quadam scriptura norninis mei et armorum
".
    And of the parentage of Francis Malthus himself, it is
much to be regretted that nothing has as yet been satisfactorily
ascertained, while a search for information concerning him in
the Archives Nationales at Paris was equally disappointing.
We certainly find the name of one Francis M. recorded as
baptised at Binfield, 20th May, 1563, and the burial of probably
the same Francis two months later. Francis, then, was evidently
a family name, at a period very little anterior to the birth of the
quaint "engineer ". As, however, it will appear, from the docu-
ments collected concerning him, that in all probability he was
one of those who had adhered to the religion of his forefathers,
may we not surmise that he came from the Yorkshire branch of
the family? Can he have been a son of Francis and Judith
Malthus, who we shall find were married in 1595?
    The difficulty, however, of compiling a consecutive family
history from isolated and scattered records is always great
and often insurmountable, the wholesale destruction of libraries


PREFACE.ix

and of original documents at the time of the Reformation and
under the Commonwealth being sufficiently notorious. But
although it will transpire in the following pages that a perse-
vering search has in many cases proved successful, yet on the
other hand it will be seen that numbers of names are but once
recorded of whom nothing whatever is afterwards known.
    Another matter of regret is that the wills of neither of
the "ejected ministers," Robert and Thomas Malthus, can be
found. It may be noted here that there are several references
to Robert M. in the Proceedings of Committee of Plundered
Ministers
[Add. MSS., 15,671] bearing upon tithe disputes
etc., which, however, it has not been thought necessary to
transcribe.
    Nor again has any attempt been made in these pages to
embark upon the controversies raised by the great political
economist. Some passages, however, in a paper recently read
by Dr. Ogle, before the Royal Statistical Society, are almost
alarming: for instance, he tells us that "as the population is
increasing in a formidable degree, and as the facilities for emi-
gration are becoming less, the time must inevitably come when
the growth of numbers must be stopped, and an equalisation of
the death and birth-rates brought to pass, but that any of the
proposed remedies, such as emigration, increase of permanent
celibacy, or retardation of marriage would have to be applied on
a scale so enormously in excess of any experience, as to amount
to a social revolution!"
One other regret must be expressed, and that is the
unavoidable inability of carrying out a thorough and exhaustive
2


xTHE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

search at every source of information. The Probate Registry,
for example, of York, Lincoln, and other local centres would, if
properly examined, doubtless give us the connection between
the different branches of the Malthus family that were settled in
Yorkshire, Lincolnshire and Berkshire.
    Fisher, in his History of Masham, published in 1865, gives
copious "extracts belonging to the Peculiar Court of Masham,"
to which we can do little more here than refer. One or two
names, however, we cannot afford to pass over: under date 16th
Dec., 1623, we find the name of Janetta, the wife of Anthony
Malthae [sic], Henry Duffield and his wife, with Dorothy
Duffield, widow, and many others with whom we shall presently
be familiar, all described as "Popish Recusants," while in the
year 1626 we find Henry Duffield "excommunicated for having
sundry Masses done in his house, and for having one of his
children baptized by a Popish Priest as is thought ". It will be
seen, however, in the sequel, that the majority of the Yorkshire
representatives of the Malthus family adhered to the Old
Religion. But on this subject our historian Fisher shall speak
for himself. He says (p. 350), "In this reign [Elizabeth's]
. . . the church at Masham, and its clergy and people were
made to suffer . . . and cruel penal laws were enacted for the
extirpation of the Catholic religion which at that time was the
prevailing religion in this parish
". Elsewhere he writes (p. 131)
"Where there was not a systematic opposition to the Reformed
Church there was a dogged indifference to its teachings and
ministrations, and that, too, in spite of the very severe enact-
ments, which were put in force with great rigour by a not


PREFACE.xi

unwilling clergy, to coerce them into submission by an unwilling
adoption by them of a new-fangled creed, which found no
favour, either in their understandings or their consciences. This
was, undoubtedly, the case as to a large majority of the people
in this parish
, and the great bulk of those who seemingly con-
formed to . . . the reformed church, did so merely because of
their utter indifference to all religion whatever, and would as
readily have conformed themselves to Mahomedanism, or any
other form of religion imposed upon them by the State. . . The
Reformation had unsettled everything, and had especially
unloosed men's minds from all restraint and authority
All authority being thus gone, the people were left like a bark
without a rudder on the troubled ocean . . . and the consequence
was, that they gradually but surely drifted into schism, and--. . .
each individual, however ignorant and unlearned, claiming to be
divinely inspired, and to exercise and act upon his own private
judgment--ran into the adoption of a number of errors and
contradictions and absurdities, which ended in their splitting up
into numberless sects" . . etc. Some apology should perhaps
be made for this lengthy extract, but these are certainly remark-
able words from the pen of a Protestant historian.
    Similar records to those printed by Mr. Fisher in his
Appendix to his history of Masham are the Churchwardens'
accounts, &c., of the various parishes in Reading as given by
Coates in his history of that town, and by Mr. Kerry in his History
of St. Lawrence's
in particular. These have sometimes proved,
as will be seen, interesting sources of information. Indeed such
records would in the aggregate probably afford the most authentic


xiiTHE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

and reliable narrative of all the changes that we underwent in
the middle of the sixteenth century.
    For instance we find in 1559, an item in the St. Lawrence's
accounts of "vs for takinge down the awlters and laying the
stones," and ten years later, a joiner is paid 4s. for "making a
communion table with benches," around which the communicants
all sat. Many of our altar stones may still be found on the
flooring of our Cathedrals or old Parish Churches. They were
generally placed in the porch or middle aisle, so that every body,
willy nilly, was compelled to walk upon them both on entering
and leaving the Church. In some cases however they have been
taken up during any process of church restoration and placed--
as was recently done in the parish of Bidhoro', in Kent--under
the present communion table; one again may yet be seen on the
floor of Lincoln Cathedral.
    Finally, the names of those who have generously forwarded
me notes from records or registers, &c., are duly recorded in any
notice of their respective parish, while to Mr. Joseph Foster I
am much indebted for several extracts from his MS. collections.

JOHN ORLEBAR PAYNE.
HOLLY VILLAGE, HIGHGATE,
31st March, 1890.

 
 
 
 
II

    The name of Maltus, Mawtus, and Malthouse is, however,
still to be met with in Yorkshire, and, although its immediate
connection with that of Malthus, in Berkshire, is not at once
apparent, still there can be little doubt that both--together with
a branch of the family that we have seen were settled for a long
period in Lincolnshire--had a common origin. It is, however,
much to be regretted that the loss of several records and the
inaccessibility of others will render our account of the Yorkshire
branch somewhat disjointed.
    The Yorkshire Archaeological Association, in its Record
Series, Yorkshire Fines
, Vol. II., p. 117, supplies us in the sub-
joined note with the earliest notice of the family that we have
been able to meet with : "Plaintiffs, Thomas Solyngesby
[Slingsby], Esq., and Francis Solyngesby: gent.: deforciants,
Richard Malthouse, and Elizabeth, his wife; the 'nature and
situation of the property' in question being the 'Manor of
Brydforth [Birdforth ?], and a messuage with lands in Bryde-
forth, Heton and Scriven, Easter Term, 37 Hen. VIII." [1545].
    And a reference to the Baronetage will, at all events, tell
us who Elizabeth Malthouse was. She appears to have been
the daughter of Sir William Ingleby, of Ripley, Knt., by Cecily,
a daughter of Sir George Talboys of Kyme, co. Lincoln, Bart.
Now, Elizabeth Maltus was probably quite young in 1545, as
may be inferred from the fact that her brother, Sir William
Ingleby did not die until 1579, while her uncle, Gilbert, Lord
Talboys, only became the husband of the famous Elizabeth


THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.105

Blount in 1522. This was the daughter of Sir John Blount,
Knt., one of the ladies-in-waiting on the Queen, and one of the
paramours of Henry VIII., by whom, in 1519, she gave birth
to a son, Henry Fitzroy, created, in 1525, Duke of Richmond.
    Darcy--says Mr. Brewer, in his Reign of Heury VIII.,
II., 104--makes the following one of the charges against
Cardinal Wolsey :--"We have begun to encourage the young
gentlewomen of the realm to be our concubines by the well
marrying of Besse Blount
, whom we would yet, by sleight,
have married much better than she is, and for that purpose
changed her name --a remarkable episode, certainly in the
career of a monarch about to proclaim himself "Supreme head
in all things spiritual"! Richard Malthouse, however, whose
lineal, or, at all events, whose collateral descendants down to
our own times have adhered to the old-fashioned religion of
their forefathers, had married into a family which declined to
recognise the impious pretensions of one whose title rather, to
"Supremacy in all things diabolical," would surely have been
undisputed; and forty years later, that is to say, on 3rd June,
1586, Francis Ingleby, the nephew of Richard and Elizabeth
Malthouse, was hanged at York merely for exercising his
priestly office.
    Now, we shall find as we advance that the small towns and
villages, within some ten miles from Knaresboro' or Ripley, have
been the chief centres of residence of this branch of the family
from the period above-named. And here we must reluctantly
record the fact that, from the Richmondshire Collection of wills,
now at Somerset House, the four following are missing :--those,
viz., of "Henry Maltus, of the Park de Haye, in the parish of
Knaresboro'," named in the calendar as dying in 1558: Ralph
Maultus, of Boroughbridge, ob. 1591: Anne Maultus, of Lower
Dunsforth, near Boroughbridge, ob. 1607, and Marmaduke
14


106THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

Maltus, also of Boroughbridge, who died towards the end of
1708.
    Hargrove, in his History of Knaresborough, tells us that,
"on the east side of that town is Hay Park, containing about
1200 acres, which were granted by the Crown to an ancestor of
the late Lord Bingley." He adds that, in 1612, it appears to
have been paled round; and that, in 1641, the keeper's lodge
was the only house in the park, after which period it was gradu-
ally divided into farms, cleared, and cultivated: Calvert, how-
ever, in his History of Knaresboro', says that Hay Park com-
prised 1508 acres, and in the year 1824 was let for £1200. The
estate of Henry Maltus, then, in 1558, was evidently something
considerable, but how he was related to Richard and Elizabeth
Maltus we have no means of showing. Unfortunately, the
Venetian window on the staircase of Ripley Castle, which ""dis-
plays the principal quarterings and intermarriages of the Ingleby
family, does not contain the Maltus marriage, eight others also
being omitted.
    From the dates of the lost wills, executed by Ralph Maultus
and Anne M., we may conjecture that they were husband and
wife. Marmaduke of Boroughbridge was, perhaps, connected
with the East Cowton branch of the family. But of both these
branches we shall have much to say later on.
    Taking our collection of records again in their chronological
order, we find the following note on p. 166 in the volume of
"Yorkshire Fines" already referred to. "Plaintiff, Thomas
Malthus: deforciants, Thomas Thorneton and Isabel, his wife,"
the property disputed being "three messuages and three cottages
with lands in Kirkby-Malsherd, Michaelmas, 1552". And 52
years later it is interesting to find the name still in the same
parish, for from a MS. in the Bodleian Library (B.452), being
"a list of the Roman Catholics in the county of York in 1604,"


THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.107

edited by Mr. Edward Peacock in 1872, we notice that George
Malthouse and Jennett, his wife, occur as residents in Hartwith
and Winsley, both townships in the parish of Kirkby-Malzeard.
Their names also are given a second time, p. 38, in the same
parish as "Non-communicants," while it is added that "George
Malthouse and Jennet, his wief, were secretlye married and had
a child also secretlye baptised".
    And the wills of the "Peculiar of Masham," Co. York,
now at Somerset House will tell us something more of this
Kirkby-Malzeard branch of the family. The will of Margaret
Malthouse, of Gaughey, co. York, widow, dated 1st March,
1610, without date of probate, is evidently that of the mother of
George Malthous, the recusant. She desires burial in the
churchyard of Kirkby-Malzeard, and there are the following
legatees named: John Curryer and my daughter Jane Curryer;
Barbary and Margaret, the two das. of my son-in-law Marma-
duke Foster; furniture . . . to my son George Malthouse, which
is behind the byncke in the house of John Woodhouse in
Gaughey aforesaid; . linen . . to Barbary Woodhouse,
my daughter, upon condition that she shall find me a
winding sheet; Richard, Jane, Isabel, and Catherine Wood-
house; daughter Margaret Oates; linen, &c. . . . to da.-in-
law Anne Malthouse and to Margaret, Jane, and Ffyney Mal-
thouse. Witnesses, Thomas Duffield, John Steele, and
William Dowglesse.
    The will of George Malthus, of Gaughey is dated 8th Oct.,
1620; giving 20s. to the poor, he desires burial at Kirkby-
Malzeard, "near his predecessors"; "two closes to my three
daughters Jane, Triffine, and Dorothy, except my son William
pays to each of them £40 when they are 21 years old"; the rest
of my lands, &c., to my son William. Another legatee is
"William Duffield, my daughter's son ". The witnesses are


108THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

Michael Day, John Steele, and Henry Duffield, the two latter
being supervisors of the will.
    One other will, dated 26th April, 1612, is that of Francis
Mawtus, of Kirkby-Malzeard, yeoman. He desires burial in
K.M. church, "about where the crosse called Palme Crosse
stood in the south side there; gives 20s. to the poor to be dis-
tributed at the syght of William Ripley and Gilbert Metcalfe
where most need is, and to the poorest ". A silver spoon to
Christopher Byerley and to John, son of Thomas Talbott; 10s.
to William Cleveland and his wyef; to Thomas, son of George
Hodgson, a leathern dablet; to Anthony Mallam my saddle,
bridle, boots and spurs; to Marmaduke Foster my better pair of
breeches ; to my sister Mallam a silver ring; 12d. to Barbary
Ripley; 6d. to godson Francis Walles, and residuary estate to
nephew Gilbert Metcalfe and Margaret his sister. Witnesses,
William Ripley, Gilbert Horsman, and Francis Ward.
    A volume of the Masham wills, however, together with Mr.
Peacock's valuable list of Yorkshire recusants enable us to
illustrate many names mentioned in the three foregoing wills.
    And first we find a certain Margaret Metcalfe, of Carlesmore,
dating her will, Christmas Day, 1583, and asking for burial at
Kirkby-Malzeard church, her children being: "sons, Leonard
and George; daughters, Barbary Askwith, Dorothy Byrdell,
Thomasin Tayler," and Margaret Malthus, while John Malthus
and William Askwith attest the will. John and Margaret,
then, are evidently the parents of George Malthus, whose will
we have already given. Then, again, we infer that Francis
Mawtus had a sister who had married Anthony Malham, but
the question is settled for us by the will of Anthony Malbam
himself, of Carlsmore, gent., dated 19th April, and proved
18th August, 1624, by which he left his whole estate to his son-
in-law Gilbert Metcalfe
. Whitaker, in his History of Craven,


THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.109

p. 116, gives the following interesting note concerning the
Malham family.
    "Richard Malham," he says, "in 1667 suffered a recovery
of his manor of Elslack, and conveyed it to Robert Benson, Esq.,
the father of Robert, first Lord Bingley. This last of the
Malham’s, reduced to poverty by the loyalty of his father
(Francis M., a colonel in the service of Charles I.), was hospitably
received as a decayed gentleman at Broughton Hall, and died
there," Broughton being the seat of the old Catholic family of
Tempest. Curiously enough we find Thomas, the son of Mary
Mallem, steward on the Danby estate in 1770. (See Payne's Old
English Catholic Missions
, p. 33.)
    Further: of the names mentioned in the three preceding
wills, we identify, among Mr. Peacock's Recusants of 1604, the
names of Curryer, Woodhouse, Malham, Henry Duffield,
Dorothy, wife of William Ripley, Metcalfe, Horsman, &c. It
might be added that Henry Duffield, who died in 1630, names
in his will Dorothy, his mother, and Thomas, his son, &c.
Another Thomas Duffield, of Gaughey, in his will of 16th Mar.,
1614, names his wife, Isabel; son, Thomas, and four das.,
Dorothy, Ursula, Jane, and Elizabeth.
    Indeed, the family of Duffleld seems to have adhered per-
severingly to the old Catholic religion, for we find Michael
Duffield, of Gaughey, who married Dinah, the widow of John
Stanfield, among the recusants of 1715-17. [See English Cath.
Nonjurors of 1715
, p. 306.]
    Reverting again to Mr. Peacock's volume, he says, p. 36;--
"The name of Malthus, rendered illustrious by the discoverer
of the law of population, is a corruption, or rather an old form of
Malthouse: a family so-called lived for several generations at
Northorpe, near Kirton-in-Lindsey, [Co. Lincoln], and their
baptisms and obiits occur in both forms in the parish register".


110THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

It may here be added that to Mr. Peacock's kindness we are
indebted for the extracts from the Northorpe register already
given. And the opportunity, perhaps, here best presents itself
of illustrating a few of the names in this Lincolnshire register by
the following note summarised from the Yorkshire Archaeological
and Topographical Journal
, i. p. 284:--
    "Nicholas Procter, of Great Badminton, Co. Gloucester,
by his will, dated 16th Feb., 1707-8, and proved at York, 8th
March, 1724-5, devised his estate to his three sisters, Catherine,
Bridget, and Rosamond Procter. After its execution, he appears
to have returned to York, was appointed Clerk of the Vestry of
York-Minster, and there to have married a widow, Mrs. Mil-
drew Rhodes. Dying s.p., he was buried at York-Minster, 17th
Feb. 1724-5. He also held a small estate at Knapton, in the
Ainsty, which his last surviving sister, Bridget Procter, be-
queathed, in 1737, to Joseph Maltus, the grandson of her sister,
Seth. Mildrew Procter, widow, by her will, dated 2nd Oct.,
1729, and proved 16th Mar., 1730, left £20 to her godson,
Nicolas Maltus, of Scotton, Co. Lincoln."
    The same Archeolog. Journal gives also, in later volumes,
the three following marriages, all by licence, vol. ix., 362 :--
"1595. Francis Maltus, of Moor Monkton, and Judith Thomp-
son, of Keyingham."
    X., 451 :--"1603. William Dawson, of Holtby, yeoman,
and Elizabeth Malthouse, of Ripon, widow."
    III., 83 :--"30th May, 1737: at York-Minster: William
Randerson, of the parish of St. Mary, Castlegate, York, and
Mary Maltus, of the p. of Holy Trinity, in Micklegate".
    Returning, however, to our collection of original records,
the next in chronological order--an arrangement, which, as far
as possible, we shall still maintain--is dated 8th Jan., 1611.
From Close Roll, to Jac. I., Part II., 51, we find one,


THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.111

Thomas Johnson, of Winchley [? Winksley], Co. York, Esq.,
selling to William Maltus, of Haswell Grange, in the County
of Durham, gent., an estate at "Brontoft, alias Brometoft [?],
Woolviston and Greatham, in the Diocese of Durham . We,
unfortunately, have no means of readily identifying this William
Maltus. He can hardly be identical with William M., of Long
Cowton, alias East Cowton, a small township, some ten miles
N.E. of Richmond, whose son, Henry, we have already named
among the Merchant-taylor apprenticeships in 1627-8. Be this
as it may, yet, as several of our records date from East Cowton,
affording evidence that, for at least 150 years, a branch of the
family was resident in that parish, it may be well to give them
forthwith in their chronological order.
    (1) Administration of the estate of Avis Maultus, late of
Long Cowton, co. York, was granted, 18th Feb., 1658, in the
Prerogative Court, to her son, George M.
    (2) In the same year, we find "William Maltus, of Long
Cowton, having neither wife nor child," giving his estate by
nuncupative will, 8th Sep., 1658, to his brother, George, and
sister, Isabel Maltus, "in the presence and hearing of these
witnesses, Mary Trameholne, Mary Bagulay, Isabel Maltus,
spinster": proved in C.P.C., 16th Oct., 1658. Avis, then, was
evidently the mother of William, George, and Isabel, while she
may have also been the widow of William, the father of Henry,
apprenticed in 1628 : this, however, is merely conjecture..
    (3) Again, among the Close Rolls [18 Car. II., Pt. 15--27]
we have an indenture dated 25th May, 1666, between Henry
Anderson, of Long Cowton, Esq., of the one part, and William
Place, of Hurworth, co. Durham, gent., John Malthus, of Long
Cowton, gent., Francis Anderson, of Long Cowton, &c., of the
other part, &c., &c. Detail we need not give, but John Malthus
here named is evidently identical with John Maltus of Long


112THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

Cowton, whose will, dated 26th Feb., 1679, was proved 16th
June, 1682 (Richmondshire wills). The legatees named in his
will are Anne, his wife, Robert, his eldest, and Henry, his younger
son, grandchildren John Johnson and Eleanor Cartor; niece
Fortune Simpson; other legatees being Grace, the wife of George
Bowes, and their children, George and Margaret Bowes.
Witnesses, Robert and Anne Simpson and Francis Anderson.
An inventory of goods valued at £89 0s. 2d. accompanies the
will, the appraisers being John and Francis Anderson, George
Bowes, and William Kingston. We may remark in passing
that the name of Bowes is of frequent occurrence among the
Catholic Recusants of 1604. An elaborate pedigree of the
family of Place, of Dinsdale, will be found in Surtees' History
of Durham, III., 236. William Place, named in the foreg.
indenture was the eldest son of Rob. P., of Hurworth-on-Tees,
bapt. 18th Jan., 1628, and buried at Dinsdale, 8th Aug., 1674.
    (5) Anne, the widow of John Maltus, died intestate, as we
find from the Richmondshire administrations that Henry Maltus,
of East Cowton, renounced admon. of her estate, 9th August,
1684.
    (6) Next, we find that admon. of the estate of Robert
Maltus, of Long Cowton, yeoman, was granted 20th Feb.,
1718-19, to his widow, Fortune, and to Robert M., yeoman, both
of the same parish; the goods of the deceased being appraised at
£210 10s. by Thomas Booth, sen., Thomas Booth, jun., Thomas
Simpson, and Robert Maltus.
    (7) Finally, the will of Robert Maltus, of Long Cowton,
yeoman, executed 12th Aug., 1760, in the presence of Matthew
Whitehead, curate of East Cowton, Nicholas Alcock, Thomas
Brown, and Francis Lowson was proved by Anne, his widow,
29th May, 1762. Lowson, we may again observe, is a name
familiar among the recusants of 1604.


THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.113

    Unfortunately, however, the parish register of East Cowton,
which only dates from 1754, cannot much help us. But the Rev.
Geo. Burgoin most kindly writes: "With the burial of Robert
Maltus, June 4, 1761, the family of Maltus, of East Cowton,
appears to have come to an end, as I have looked through the
register for the next 30 years and fail to find the name, nor is there
any entry in it earlier than 1761 ; but in an old volume of church
accounts, dating from 1661, the accounts are signed in
    1662. by Marmaduke Maltus.
    1667. ,, ,, ,,
    1669. ,, ,, ,,
    1679. ,, Henry ,,
Date doubtful. ,, Robert ,,
    1687. ,, ,, ,,
    1696. ,, ,, ,,
    1697. ,, ,, ,,
    1705. ,, Robert Malltous, churchwarden.
    1713. ,, Robert Maltus, constable ?
    1719. ,, Robert Maltus.
    The name continues to appear constantly in this volume up
to 1761, but not later, which confirms my impression that the
Cowton branch died out with the burial of Robert Maltus in that
year.
    Reverting once more to records of an earlier date, two
isolated Chancery suits call for a passing notice. The first is that
of Mawtus v. Batty, dated 26th November, 1658 [Reynardson,
No. 3--No. 27] by which it appears that John Mawtus,
of Ripon, gent., filed a bill against his brother-in-law John
Batty, malster, for recovery of a fourth part of the estate of John
Pickersgill, of Masham, Co. York. John Mawtus had married
Mary, one of the daughters of Christopher Pickersgill, of Masham,
yeoman, by Ellen, his wife, while John Batty had married
15


114THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

Elizabeth, another daughter. Christopher Pickersgill died in
1649, and John P., his son, 2 years later, leaving an estate to his
4 sisters, Mary, Elizabeth, Jane, and Frances, the whole of which
John Batty had claimed in right of his wife. John Mawtus was,
in all probability, the son of one Richard Mawtus, who was
Mayor of Ripon in 1640.
    Then we have the suit of Thomas Norcliffe, of Oswaldkirk,
co. York, gent., v. William Maltus, of the City of York, tailor
[Bridges 4--No. 414]. The dispute concerned a marriage por-
tion, the defendant being in 1664 engaged to marry Emot, one
of the daughters of Mary Barker, of Spanton, co. York, widow,
Emot being "both servant and kinswoman" to complainant.
    Minskip, a township in the parish of Aldborough, adjoining
Boroughbridge, seems to have been for some centuries also
another ‘centre of residence of the Maltus family. We have
already seen that the will of one Ralph Maultus, of Borough-
bridge, who died in 1591 is lost, but our next record is the will of
another Ralph Mawtus, of Minskip, yeoman, dated 6th Aug.,
1665, and proved 28th Nov., 1665. Desiring burial in Aldborough
churchyard, he adds, "I give to Christopher, my son and heir,
and his heirs my house and outhouses and lands which I was heir
to from Christopher, my father, lying in Minskip; to Richard,
my second son, and his heirs all freehold lands in Minskip which
I purchased myself, and, for want of heirs to his body, then to
Elizabeth, my daughter, and her heirs, she also to have £40
when 18 years old. . . . I give the tuition of my three children
to my wife Elizabeth," who is also residuary legatee and
executrix. The will is attested by Michael Gilbert, clericus,
Robert Hall, Richard Houseman, William Thomplinson, Christo-
pher Mawtus, and William Mawtus, the two latter, with Rob.
Hall and Richard Hodgson, appraising the goods of deceased at
£99 16s. on 16th Sept., 1665.


THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.115

    Ralph must have died young, for we find his widow,
Elizabeth, dying intestate, admon. of her estate being granted
21st Nov., 1672, to Robert Hall, of Aldborough, and to Miles
Ovington, of Richmond, yeomen, for "the sole use of her chil-
dren, Christopher, Richard, and Elizabeth, still then under age ".
Her goods were appraised at £65 9s. by Christopher Mawtus,
Peter Simpson, Roger Airton, and John Marsh, she still owing
£12, with £3 10s. for rent, "to Christopher Mawtus, her father,
in--" [sic]. Ralph, her husband, had evidently then predeceased
his father, Christopher, whose will is the next record on our list.
    "22nd Jan., 1671. I, Christopher Mawtus, of Minskip,
Co. York, being somewhat crazy and feeble of body, . . . de-
sire burial in Aldborough Church-yard, at the discretion of my
friends : I give to my son, John Mawtus, and his heirs, my
mansion or dwelling-house in Minskip, with right of common,
&c., he to pay £10 . . . to my da. Anne, allowing her to
enjoy the parlour towards the street, with free ingress and
egress, while continuing a single woman, as also liberty to have
benefit of the fire, she bearing her proportion of its maintenance:
Item, I give her £10, which is in the hands of Elizabeth
Mawtus: £20 to das. Katherine Hall, Mary Gilbertson, and
Anne Mawtus: freehold lands in Minskip to son, John, charged
with £10, to four grand-children, William, Richard, Thomas,
and Anne, "the children of William, my deceased son" : £10
to da. Mary: 5s. to my two daughters, Isabel, wife of
Christopher Mawtus, and Isabel, wife of the said John
Mawtus: residuary estate to my five children now alive, Chris-
topher, John, Catherine, Anne, and Mary; executors being
Christopher and Anne Mawtus: witnesses, Robert Hall and
Thomas Leeming: probate, 15th Jan., 1673. Goods appraised
10th Jan., 1673, at £43 5s. 3d., and the following debts due
to testator :--


116THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

    £12 from Elizabeth Mawtus:
    £5 ,, one, Christopher Mawtus, of Aldborough, yeo-
       man.
    Ralph or Eliz. M., the appraisers.
Administration of the estate of Anne Maltus, of Aldborough---
the unmarried da. of the foreg. Christopher was granted 3rd Feb.,
1687, to her brothers, Christopher M., of Aldborough, yeoman,
and John Maltus, of Minskip, spurrier.
    William Mawtus, of Minskip, the "deceased son" of the foreg.
Christopher, appears to have died intestate, admon. of his estate
being granted 12th Dec., 1671, to Mary Maultus, of Minskip, widow,
and to Miles Ovington, of Brumpton-super-Swale, his goods being
also appraised by Christopher Mawtus, Richard Houseman,
and Francis Gilbertson, at £49 7s. 8d., he owing to Robert Hall
£18, to Mr. Gilbert £5, to Mr. Wilkinson £5 : to Will.
Burnand £2, to James Hamerton £1. We may note, in pass-
ing, that the name of James Hamerton occurs among the
English Catholic Nonjurors of 1715, p. 309, as holding a "life
estate at Aldborough," while that of Ovington will be found
among the Recusants of 1604.
    Then, again, from another Chancery suit, dated 10th Feb.,
1679 [Bridges, No. 4--534, Maltus v. Colton], we find that
one, Christopher Maultus, of Minskip, yeoman, had married
Anne, one of the daughters and co-heirs of Richard Sutton,
late of Aldborough, whose will was dated 2nd Aug., 1656.
Anne was quite a child at the time of her father's death, and,
meantime, others interested in Ric. Sutton's will--among whom
were William Coulton, who had married Eliz. Sutton--had
assigned their interest to Francis Calvert, of Boroughbridge,
gent., apparently to the detriment of Anne and her sister, Mary
Sutton.
    So popular, however, does the name seem to have been in


THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.117

the family that it is not easy to say who this Christopher Maltus
was.
    What is more, we learn from Nicholl's Topographer and
Genealogist
, iii., 337, 339, that one, "Christopher Maltus, of
Minskip, and Grace Lee, of Hackforth, were married 22nd April,
1690, at Hornby," Grace herself being buried 29th May, 1717,
in the same parish, and then described as "widdow and boarder
att Rede Hall, in Caterick parish
    From the Court of Knaresboro' wills, however, at Somer-
set House, we .are able to identify this Christopher Maltus:
he is described as of West End, in the parish of Fewston,
yeoman, admon. of his estate being granted 13th Mar., 1712-13,
to his widow, Grace. His goods were appraised 5th July, 1781,
at £19 6s. 10d.
    Another isolated Chancery suit may as well be given here,
that, viz., of Maultus v. Swinburn [P.R.O., Whittington, No. 1--
No. 477], dated ist July, 1667. In this case, Robert Maultus,
of Marrick, a parish 10 miles distant from Richmond, had
married Mary, the daughter of Rob. Henderson, of Marrick.
Henderson, whose will was dated 28th Nov., 1665, was a tenant
of one, William Bulmer, Esq., whose estate, unknown to peti-
tioner, had been transferred to John Swinburn, Esq., but Mary
Maultus, it appears, claimed the tenement under her father's
will.
    But, among a "List of Persons presented for Recusancy at
the General Sessions, held at Thirsk, 24th Feb., 1690," and
given in the Appendix to the 9th Report of the Hist. MSS.
Commission, p. 342, we find "Robert Maltus of Grinton, and
Mary M., of the same place, charged with having, "without
lawful and reasonable excuse, forborne, for the space of 6 months,
to repair to their respective parish church . . . chapel, or usual
place of common prayer".


118THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

    Now, Grinton is only some three miles distant from Marrick,
and the identity, therefore, of Robert, the Catholic Recusant,
with Robert, the petitioner, in the foregoing Chancery Suit, can
hardly be questioned. The name of Marmaduke Maltas,
of Startforth, occurs also in the same "list" of 1690.
    Turning once more to the Richmondshire collections in
Somerset House, we find that admon. of the estate of a certain
William Mawtus, of Great Ouseburn, a parish only five miles
from Aldborough, was apparently granted to his widow, Eliza-
beth, 26th July, 1682, his goods being appraised at £13 5s. 4d.,
George Henlake, of Nether Dunsford; Jane Hayre, of Ripley;
widow, and James Styan, of Ripley, being his creditors, to the
amount of £33. This, then, may have been one of the sons of
William and Mary Mawtus.
    Elizabeth Malthouse, of Great Ouseburn, widow, under her
will, dated 30th Mar., 1709, and proved 15th July, 1709,
bequeaths her "dwelling-house and lands" to her son Richard,
with half an acre to her da., Elizabeth Thorpe, and the same
conditionally to her granddas. Catherine Smith and Elizabeth
Poulter, her grandson Henry Thorpe being executor. Of the
witnesses, William Wilcock, William Cass, and John Thomson,
the names of the two last will be found among the Catholic Non-
jurors of 1715,
p. 308. Three other isolated records may as
well be given here before we conclude with those that concern a
branch of the family that for a long period was settled in Ripley
and its neighbourhood.
    Admon. of the estate of Luke Malthouse, of Nun Monkton,
was granted 17th June, 1749 to his widow Elizabeth, his goods
being appraised at £58 11s. by Thomas Rook, Christopher
Hare, William Wilkinson, of Nun Monkton, husbandman, and
Joseph Dunwell, of Linley, husb.
    Further, admon. of the estate of Thomas Malthouse, of


THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.119

Carthorpe, gent., a hamlet in the parish of Burneston, some 12
miles from Aldborough, was granted 30th Sept., 1766, to his
widow Mary.
    Our next will was proved in the Commissary Court of
London.
    Thomas Maltus, of the Falcon Iron Foundry, near Black-
friars Bridge, co. Surrey, yeoman, by his will dated 11th Dec.,
1785, and proved 11th Dec., 1786, desires burial at Fulham, in
co. Middx., and, after payment of his debts, bequeaths two-thirds
of his residuary estate to Eleanor, the wife of Thomas Lacey of
the Broom Houses, in the parish of Fulham, gardener, and the
remaining third to Eleanor, the daughter of his brother Francis
Maltus, of Newsham, co. York, farmer; with rings to Thomas
Meadows, John Lucas, and Thomas Beckett, as also to his two
executors Gilbert Handasyde, of the Falcon Iron Foundry, and
to Thomas Hill, of 102 Cheapside, gent. The witnesses are
Mary Guineon, John Barnes, and Robert Channen.
    The parish register of Ripley, dating as it does from 1552,
would, we should have thought, render important service in
tracing back that branch of the Malthus family that we have
evidence to show was long settled there. The rector, however,
writes that the name is not familiar to him in its pages. Still
much uncertainty necessarily attaches itself to the entries of
recusants in any parish. Some were denied burial, some were
"buried in a ditch," while some may have been buried but not
entered in the register.
    The Rev. James Austin Maltus, O.P., writes from the
Dominican Priory, Newcastle-on-Tyne, 20th March, 1889. . .
"My father used to say that he had learned from his father, and
he from his father
. . . that our family had their manor house
and estate in the neighbourhood of Clint, and some part of the
ruins of the old house still remained in his grandfather's time."


120THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

He adds, that for adherence to the old religion and going to
Mass they were fined, "until reduced to the necessity of betaking
themselves to trades and labour," still, however, remaining in the
same neighbourhood. But the venerable writer concludes . . .
"I have to be grateful for being born and brought up a Catholic
from the fact that they adhered to their religion and Christian
duties".
    Father Maltus has, however, kindly supplied some further
interesting traditional detail. He says: "When the estate had
been reduced by fines, for each succeeding occupier stuck to his
religion and would not apostatise . . . the retainer of the last
remnant of the family estate living at the old manor house was a
female . . . who adhered firmly to the Catholic religion . . .
and no doubt, like so many other struggling families, harboured
priests" on their secret visits for the purpose of administering the
Sacraments. "The pursuivants through their spies received
information concerning these infractions of the law, and paid her
a visit to enforce and obtain the fine. She stood at the front
door and met them and told them she had no money to give
them. So, as the cattle were grazing in the pasture facing the
house . . . the men drove the cattle away to sell them. This
most probably would necessitate a last mortgage and then sale of
the property."
    A story at once so touching and edifying, while it can hardly
fail to give rise to much reflection, had better perhaps be passed
over here in respectful silence.
    Unfortunately the calendar of wills in the Honor Court of
Knaresbourough
only dates from 1640. The earliest record here
of interest to us is dated 12th March, 1683, when admon. of the
estate of Christopher Mawtus, of Clint, yeoman, was granted to
his son Christopher. Clint, we might observe, is a hamlet in the
parish of Ripley.


THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.121

    And the fact that Christopher was so long retained as a
family name in the Ripley branch goes a long way to establish its
intimate connection with the Aldborough one in which we have
already found Christopher so popular a Christian name.
    Indeed, our next will is that of "Christopher Maltus of
Arkell Nook, in the parish of Ripley, 'wright'" [probably
"wheelwright"], and evidently the son of Christopher, who died
in 1683. It is dated 12th Aug., 1709, and proved 5th Oct.
following. Testator gives £4 yearly to his dear wife Anne, and
at her death £xo to his daughter Anne, the wife of Thomas
Stead, late of Whitewall; £10 to son Francis, £5 each to sons
Robert and George, and 5s. to son John; while his son
Christopher is sole executor. The witnesses are John Coates,
Stephen Shann, and Robert Atkinson, jun., and the "goods" are
appraised at £22 6s. 8d.
    And of Christopher, the "son and executor" we must first
speak. He was one of those who, a few years later on, complied
with the Act of Parliament (1 George I., cap. 55) which "obliged
Papists
to register their names and real estates ". Accordingly,
we find him among the "English Catholic Nonjurors of 1715"
as one who "refused to take the oaths to his Majesty King
George ". And the following is a somewhat abridged form of the
return which he made to the Justices of the Peace at Pontefract,
dated 30th April, 1717:
    "Christopher Malthus of Arkell Nook, in Clint, spurrier.
The real estate of the said C. M., viz., in Clint, within the
Fforrest of Knarsburgh, one antient building, one barn and
a stable, one calf-garth and garden, together with five closes . .
containing by estimation 5 1/2 acres . . . and holden by surrender
from the Lords of the Forest of Knarsburgh, and subject to
yearly rents unto the said Lords . . . and part of the above-
mentioned premises is surrendered unto Thomas Roger, of
16


122THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

Audfield, in the county aforesaid, for the payment of £50 of
current money . . at the next Michaelmas Sheriff turn day, to be
holden for the said Forest, or otherwise to be presented into the
Records of the said Court for his use, which said premises are
now in his own possession.
"CHRISTOPHER MALTUS."
    And of the legatees and witnesses mentioned in the will of
his father Christopher, who died in 1709, we find that their
descendants or connections also enrolled themselves among the
rescusants of 1715-17. Thus we have Christopher Stead, of
Barrowby, in the parish of Leake, William Shann, of Bishop-
Thornton, and James Atkinson, of Brandsby, with Elizabeth, his
wife. But the name of John Maltus, one of the sons of
Christopher is suggestive of a Chancery suit that we have passed
over, although, as it is dated 24th Oct., 1684, he can hardly be
identical with the petitioner in the following case of Malthouse v.
Parker [P.R.O. Whittington, No. 1--No. 458].
    From this it appears that a certain John Malthouse, of Clint,
yeoman, had in 1676 married the widow of John Joy, of Whixley.
Under his will, dated 1673, John Joy had left his estate in trust to
one Robert Benson, of Dacre (a hamlet 4 miles from Ripley) to
pay to his son Christopher Joy £40 at the age of 21. In 1678
Christopher was apprenticed to William Parker, of Knares-
boro', a currier, and alleged ill-usage of the young apprentice
by Benson and Parker gave rise to the suit instituted by his
step-father John Malthouse.
    The next will in the Knaresboro' collection is that of
John Malthouse, of Birstwith, in the parish of Hampsthwaite,
dated 12th December, 1768, and proved 16 days later. Testator
gives all copyhold and customary lands, tenements, and buildings
at Birstwith to his wife Anne, and at her death a legacy of £40,
with £2 yearly to his sister Anne Wells, Parepoynt House in Pateley


THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.123

Bridge being charged with the payment thereof; £30 and £20
respectively to nephews and nieces, Aaron, Susanna, Christopher,
William, and Anne, the sons and daughters of Aaron Wells, with
1s. to nephew George Wells; £60 to kinsman John, the son of
Michael Dunill, of Swarthay Hill; £60 to kinsman William Gill, of
Tockwith; £10 each to nephews Thomas, Abraham, and Peter,
sons of Peter Parker, of Woodhouse; £10 each to niece Anne
and nephew William, the son and da. of William Hudson, of
Woodhouse; £5 to kinsman William Holyday, of Killinghall,
and £1 1s. to nephew Henry Atkinson and kinsman James
Cowleman; the executors being kinsman Abraham Parker, of
Glashouse-Hopins, and William Gill; and the witnesses, William
Room, Henry Atkinson, and Abraham Parker.
    Although Father Malthouse writes that his ancestors were
all long-lived, yet this will would surely be of too recent a date
to allow of its being that of John, the son of Christopher, who
died in 1709. Yet such a thing is possible. We might notice
here that among the Catholic Recusants of 1715 is Martha
Parker, spinster, who held a freehold house at Ripley.
    It only remains now to notice one or two other wills and
admons., &c., of a modern date.
    In Ripon Cathedral is the following M.I.:
    "To the memory of Win. Malthouse, who died the 15th of
September, 1802, aged 68 years; and of Ann Malthouse, his
grand-daughter, the once lovely child of an orphan mother; she
departed this life 3rd June, 1807, aged 4 years. Reader, wish
you had died as young, then, like her, would you have been
happy."
    Admon. of the estate of James Malthouse, of Hampsthwaite-
Hollins, linen manufacturer, was granted 17th Nov., 1813, to his
only son William M., of Bilton-with-Harrogate, linen manu-
facturer.


124THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

    Then Thomas Malthouse, of Kirkby-Malzeard, mason, under
his will dated 22nd Dec., 1817, and proved 25th March, 1818,
bequeaths his house and garth to his son William, a minor,
passing, if he die under age, to testator's brothers and sisters:
the executors are Christopher Malthouse and testators' son-in-
law John Wood, with John Procter as a referee in case of diffi-
culty, all three being of Kirkby-Malzeard.
    The wills of Robert Malthouse, of Clint, in Ripley, farmer,
proved in September, 1857, and of Thomas M., of Knares-
borough, linen manufacturer, proved October, 1857, are also
among the Knaresboro' collection.
    The annexed short pedigree has been kindly supplied by
Father James Maltus, O.P.
    Bishop King's death seems to have been sadly premature.
Born at Becca, near Hazlewood, in Yorkshire, 16th April, 1837,
he was baptised on St. George's Day, when a week old, receiving
the Dominican habit on 22nd June, 1853.
    Taking the degree of B.D. at the University of Louvain,
9th July, 1860, he was 25 years later consecrated at Wood-
chester, 8th Dec., 1885, coadjutor Bishop to the Archbishop of
Trinidad, with right of succession, but, on his way to Rome, he
arrived at the Dominican convent at Louvain in a dying state,
and expired there five hours afterwards, 27th Feb., 1886. The
body was brought back to Woodchester for interment, 18th Aug.,
1886.
    Some years ago, writes Father James Maltus, my nephew
Mr. W. King and myself "made an excursion to Clint for the
purpose of finding, if possible, the old ruin" of our manor house
still standing, "but we failed in our object".
    Yet, though they could not find their father's house, they
still possessed what neither they nor their fathers had ever lost,
the heir-loom of the Faith.

 
 
 
 
APPENDIX.
========
The following extracts were not obtained until after the
Index had gone to press, but they happily illustrate the York-
shire Collections to a very considerable extent.
========
William Malthus of Yorkshire, plebei filius, aet. 22, matriculated at Univ.
Coll., Oxford, 2nd July, 1578. [Oxford Hist. Soc. Pub.]
========
EXTRACTS FROM THE CATHEDRAL REGISTERS
OF RIPON.
BAPTISMS.

1587. 9th Nov., George, f. Robti Maultaus de Grantley.
1588. 23rd Sep., Matthew, son of Marmaduke Mawtous.of Sawley.
1589. 24th Oct., Anna, filia Phillippi Mawtous de Audfield.
1590. 28th Jan., Richard, f. ,, ,, ,,
1592. 21st Jan., Eliza, f. Rici Maultous de Sawley.
1594. 1st Dec., Marmaduke, f. Robti Maultous de Grantley.
..,,... 15th Dec., Francis, f. Hugonis Maultous de Grantley.
1595. 13th Oct., Richard, f. Rici Maultous de Sawley.
1597. 10th Oct., Anna, f. Rici Mawtous de Ryppon.
1598. 20th Aug., Marmaduke, f. Phyllippi Mawtus de Audfield.
..,,... 28th Nov., Frances, filia Christoferi Maltous de Grantley.
1599. 17th June, Georgius, f. Ricardi Mawtous de Ripon.
..,,... 12th July, Georgius, f. Christoferi Mawtus de Grantley.

19

146THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

1600. Henry, f. Philippi Mawtus de Audfield.
..,,... 27th Nov., Frances, filia Christoferi M. de Grantley.
1601. 13th June, William, f. Philip Mawtus de Audfield.
..,,... 8th Nov., Barbary, filia Rici Mawtus de Ripon.
1602. 23rd Sep., Mary, f. Philippi M. de Audfield.
1603. 18th Mar., Tryphyna, filia Phillip M. de Audfield.
1605. 28th Mar., Mary Allanson, als. Maultus de Audfield.
1606. 1st July, William, f. Hugo Maultus de Grantley.
..,,... 18th Aug., Margery, f. Cristofer Maltus de Grantley.
..,,... 1st Oct., Jane, f. Phillip Maltus de Audfield.
1608. 9th June, Mary, f. Hugo Maltus de Grantley.
1609. 13th Mar., George, f. Christofer Maltus de Grantley.
..,,... 28th Jan., Anna, f. Hugo Maltus de Grantley.
1616. 17th Nov., Catherine, f. Hugo Maltus de Grantley.
..,,... 26th Dec., Stephen, f. John Maltus de Audfield.
1618. 4th Oct., Gilbert, f. John Maltus de Audfield.
1619. 30th Jan., George, f. Ralph Maltus of Hewick Bridge.
..,,... 6th Feb., Alice, f. Richard Maltus of Ripon.
1620. 13th July, Mary, f. Thomas Malthus of Grantley.
..,,... 28th Feb., Robert and Mabell, children of Ralph Maltus of Hewick.
1621. 1lth. July, Anne, f. Richard Malthous of Ripon.
1622. 20th June, Ann, f. John Maltus of Audfield.
..,,... 28th Nov., Thomas, f. Thomas Maltus of Copt-Hewick.
..,,... 28th Nov., Mary, f. Ralph Maltus of Hewick Bridge.
1623. 19th Dec., Henry, f. Richard Maltus of Ripon.
1624. 30th May, Janeta, filia Thommae Mawtus of Copt-Hewick.
1626. 13th Aug., John, f. Richard Mawtus de Market Place.
..,,... 5th Oct., Agnes, f. Thomas Mawtus of Copt-Hewick.
1627. 21st Oct., Marmaduke, f. John Mawtus of Audfield.
1629. 10th May, Anne, f. Thomae Maltus of Copt-Hewick.
1630. 7th Oct., Thomas, f. Gilbert Mawtus of Audfield.
..,,... 12th Oct., Anna, f. Marmaduke Mawtus of Audfield.
..,,... 19th Dec., Phillip, f. William Mawtus of Audfield.
1631. 23rd Sep., Richard, f. Richard Mawtus of Ripon.
..,,... 12th Feb., Anthony, f. Thomas Mawtus of Copt-Hewick.
..,,... 18th Mar., John, f. John Mawtus of Audfield.




THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.147

1632. 21st Feb., Elizabeth, f. Gilbert Mawtus of Audfield.
..,,... 13th Mar., George, f. Richard Mawtus of Ripon.
1633. 10th Oct., William, f. William Mawtus of Audfield.
1634. 23rd Mar., Mary, f. John Mawtus of Audfield.
1636. 15th April, a child of William Mawtus of Hutton.
..,,... 12th Feb., George, f. of William Mawtus of Hutton.
1638. 23rd Aug., Sarah, f. William Mawtus of Audfield.
..,,... 11th Sep., George, f. William Mawtus of Hutton.
1640. 13th May, Isabell, f. William Mawtus of Audfield.
..,,... 6th Mar., a child of Thomas Mawtus of Grantley.
1641. 27th Dee., John, f. William Mawtus of Audfield.
1647. 23rd Nov., Anne, f. George Mawtus of Hewiek.
1651. 27th Sep., Anne, f. William Mawtus of Ripon.
1653. 2nd Oet., born Joan, d. of Anthony Mawtus of Copt-Hewick.
..,,... 29th Nov., born Richard, son of Thomas Mawtus of Copt-Hewick.
..,,... 30th Dec., born Richard, son of Mr. John Mawtus of Ripon.
..,,... 13th Jan., born Elizabeth, d. of William Mawtus of Sharow.
1655. 22nd Oet., born Joan, d. of Thomas M. of Copt-Hewick.
1656. 30th Mar., born Henry, s. of William M. of Audfield.
..,,... 24th May, born Alice, d. of William M. of Sharow.
..,,... 12th Jan., born John, s. of Mr. John M. of Ripon.
1657. 18th Oct., born Luke, s. of Thomas M. of Copt-Hewick
..,,... 30th Jan., born Ralph, s. of Mr. John M. of Ripon.
1659. 16th April, born Isabel, d. of foreg. (now of Sunley-Raynes).
1660. 27th April, born John, s. of William Mawtus of Sharow.
..,,... 27th March, born Mary, d. of John Mawtus of Sunley-Rains. .
..,,... 9th May, born Abigail, d. of Thomas Mawtus of Copt-Hewick.
1662. 9th Sep., Mary, d. of Anthony Mawtus of Ripon.
..,,... 19th Aug., Ursula, d. of Thomas Maltus of Hewick.
1663. 6th Oct., John, s. of John Mawtus of Sunley-Rains.
1664. 1st Feb., Dorothy, d. of John Mawtus of Sunley-Rains.
..,,... 19th Mar., Charles, s. of Anthony Mawtus of Ripon.
1665. 3rd Mar., Thomas, s. of Thomas Mawtus of Copt-Hewick.
1666. 31st Mar., Frances, d. of John Mawtus of Ripon.
1667. 11th Aug,., William, s. of Thomas Mawtus of Hutton
..,,... 17th Dec., Charles, s. of Anthony Mawtus of Ripon.




148THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

1668. 8th Sep., William, s. of John Mawtus of Clotherholm.
1670. 12th Mar., Thomas, s. of Thomas Maltus of Hutton.
..,,... 13th Nov., William, s. of John Mawtus of Clotherholm.
1673. 25th Sep., Matthew, s. of John Mawtus of Double-Gates.
..,,... 1st Feb., Ellen, d. of Thomas Mawtus of Hutton.
1677. 14th Feb., Francis, s. of Francis Mawtus of Wallerthwaite.
1678. 26th Dec., John, s. of William Mawtus of London.
1680. 4th April, John, s. of Thomas Mawtus of Hutton-Conyers.
1704. 2nd July, Mary, d. of Henry Maltus of Aldfield.
..,,... 15th Oct., John, s. of Will. Maltus of Hutton.
1705. 28th July, Mary, d. of Will. Maltus of Bondgate.
1707. 10th August, Mary, d. of Will. Maltus of Hutton.
..,,... 21st Sep., John, s. of Will. Maltus of Bondgate.
1708. 8th Mar., John, s. of Will. Maltus of Bondgate.
1709. 18th Sep., Ann, d. of Will. Maltus of Bondgate.
1711. 4th Nov., Thomas, s. of Will. Maltus of Hutton.
1712. 5th July, Ann, d. of Will. Maltus of Bondgate.
..,,... 13th July, Ralph, s. of Ralph Maltous of Ripon.
1713. 20th Dec., Dorothy, d. of Will. Maultus of Hutton-Conyers.
1714. 27th Feb., Frances, d. of Will. Maultus of Ripon.
1715. 5th Feb., Robert, s. of Will. Maultus of Hutton-Conyers.
1717. 8th Feb., Ann, d. of Will. Maultus of Ripon.
1719. 10th May, Ann, d. of Will. Maultus of Hutton.
1720. 4th Feb., Jane, d. of Will. Maultus of Ripon.
1723. 5th Aug., Ann, d. of Stephen Maultus of Bondgate
..,,... 23rd Nov., William, s. of William Maltus of Ripon.
1725. 1st Nov., John, s. of Stephen Maltus of Bondgate.
1727. 29th Oct., Martha, d. of Stephen Maltus of Bondgate.
..,,... 29th Oct., Elizabeth, d. of William Maltus of Hutton-Conyers.
1729. 13th Dec., Mary, d. of Stephen Maltus of Bondgate.
1733. 14th May, William, s. of Stephen Maltus of Bondgate.
1735. 23rd June, Henry, s. of Stephen Maltus of Bondgate.
1736. 11th April, Mary, d. of Jonathan Maltus of Aldfield.
1737. 30th April, Saray, d. of Stephen Maltus of Bondgate.
1738. 13th May, Will., s. of Stephen Malthouse of North Layes.
1740. 27th May, Mary, d. of Stephen Malthouse of North Leys House.




THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.149

1742. 12th Feb., Saray, d. of Stephen Malthouse of Bondgate.
..,,... 13th Feb., Margaret, d. of Thomas Malthouse of Hutton.
..,,... 17th July, Christopher, s. of Stephen Malthouse of Quarry Moor.
1743. 26th Feb., Grace, d. of Jonathan Malthouse of Aldfield.
1744. 13th July, Thomas, s. of Thomas Malthouse of Hutton.
..,,... 20th July, Priscilla, d. of Stephen Malthouse of Bondgate.
1745. 24th Feb., Lucy, d. of Jonathan Malthouse of Aldfield.
1747. 22nd Feb., Mary, d. of Thomas Malthouse of Hutton.
1754. 19th Aug., Sarah, d. of Thomas Malthouse of Hutton.
1760. 10th Aug., Susannah, d. of Thomas Malthouse of Hutton.
1762. 21st Mar., John, s. of William Malthouse of Bondgate.
1772. 13th April, George, s. of Thomas Malthouse of Stainley.
1809. 17th Dec., Joseph, s. of Moses Maltus, soldier in 15th Reg. of Foot.



------------
MARRIAGES

1589. 11th Dec., Christopher Mawtus and Maud Sighworth.
1592. 4th Dec., William Curryer and Janet Maultous.
1605. 29th April, Hugo Maltous and Ellen Settle.
    .....Mr.John Mawtus and Mary Pickersgill, both of Ripon (after publi-
    .............cation of their agreement to marriage of 29th of November
    .............last, and 6th and 13th of December instant, in Ripon
    .............market place, between ye hours of 11 and 2), were marryed
    .............before Anthony Brathwait, Alderm. and Justice of Peace in
    .............Ripon, I8th Dec., 1655.
1660. 12th Nov., Thomas Mawtus and Anne Kendall }
1664 . 9th Aug., George Mawtus and Magdalen Forster }of Ripon.
..,,... 22nd Nov., George Piper and Elizabeth Mawtus }
1670. 2nd Mar., George Reynard and Dorothy Mawtus }
1676. 30th Mar., John Hutchinson and Sarah Mawtus of this parish.
1679. 8th Sep., Rob. Shipington of Hampsthwaite and Anne Mawtus of
    .............Ripon.
1682. 20th June, Thomas Rogers and Beatrice Mawtus, both of this parish.
1722. March, Stephen Maltus and Sarah Oats of Kirk-Dighton.
..,,... March, Henry Malthouse and Dorothy Reynart.




150THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

1724. Feb., Philip Maltus and Ann Hawksly.
1726. Oct., William Malthouse and Margaret Simpson.
1727. June, George Rigglesworth and Mary Malthouse.
1730. 3rd Sep., John Walker and Dorothy Malthouse.
1735. 11th Nov., Francis Chapman and Dorothy Maltus, both of this parish.
1737-8. January 5th, Stephen Maltus of North Leys, in ye parish of Ripon,
    .............and Frances Long of ye same place. By licence.
1740. November 11th, Thomas Malthouse and Susanna Sleigh, both of
    .............this parish.
1742. 29th Nov., Jonathan Maltus and Frances Hebden, both of Aldfield,
    .............in ye parish of Ripon. By banns published.
1749. 12th Feb., John Haxly and Ann Malthus, both of this parish.
1750. 26th Nov., Christopher Yeates,in the parish of Kirby Hill, and
    .............Merrel Malthus of this parish.
1752. 24th Nov., James Melton and Martha Malthus, both of this parish.
1760. 26th Jan., William Falkinbridge and Mary Maltus.
1763. 21st Aug., Phillip Maltus and Lucy Dunn.
1766. 25th Nov., John Flower and Margaret Malthouse.
1771. 20th Aug., John Milburn and Martha Maltus.
1773. 17th June, Robert Couser and Grace Maltus.
1775. 22nd June, William Harrison and Beatrix Maltass.
1778. 13th May, Christopher Mawtus and Ellen Weathereal.
1782. 4th April, Francis Dickinson and Sarah Malthouse.
1785. 5th Dec., Philip Maltus and Mary Wilson.

------------
BURIALS.

1587. 20th Sep., Henry Maltous.
1591. 13th Dec., Ann Maltous de Grantley, vidua.
1593. 5th Sep., Ciceley Maultous de Fountains Pk.
1598. 26th Apr., Maria, filia Marmaduke Maltous of Sawley sepulta erat.
..,,... 31st Jan., Francisca, filia Christoferi, Maltous de Grantley sepulta
    .............erat.
..,,... 12th Feb., Elizabeth Maltous, de Dumbledaie sepulta erat.
1602. 25th July, Franciscus, filius Hugonis Maltous de Grantley.




THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.151

1602. 15th Oct., Maria, filia Philippi Maltous de Audfield.
..,,... 13th Nov., Richard Maltus de Ripon.
..,,... 27th Jan., Barbara, filia Ricardi Maltus de Ripon.
1603. 26th July, Robert Maltus de Ripon, paup.
..,,... 20th Mar., Alicia, uxor Hughonis Maltous de Grantley.
1604. 22nd Sep., Francis and Joanna gemini filii Christ. Maltous de
    .............Grantley.
1608. 29th Jan., Maria, filia Hugonis Maltous de Grantley.
1613. 22nd April, Barbara Maltous de Grantley.
..,,... 26th Jan., William, f. Hugonis Maltous de Grantley.
1620. 17th Mar., Richard Maltous' child of Ripon.
1621. 17th Nov., A child of Ralph Mawtous of Hewick.
..,,... 8th Jan., .. .. .. .. ..
1623. 23rd Sep., Margaret, uxor Christi. Maltus of Grantley.



NAMES OF THOSE THAT DIED OF THE PLAGUE IN RIPON IN I625,


1625. 	24th July, Henry, s. of Ric. Maltous of the Market Place.
..,,... 8th Aug., Eliz. Coates, servant to Ric. Maltous.
..,,... 11th Aug., Eliz. Mawtous, Spinster de Market Place.
..,,... 14th Aug., Anne, filia Rici. Maultous.
..,,... 6th Aug., William Mawtous de All-Allowgate.
1629. 5th May, A child of Thomas Mawtus of Copt-Hewick.
..,,... 9th July, John Maltus of Audfield.
1630. 30th June, Phillip Maltus of Audfield.
1632. 31st May, Hugh Maltus of Audfield.
1633. 10th Mar., Thomas Maltus of Copt-Hewick.
1647. 9th Sep., Ralph Mawtus of Ripon.
1653. 30th Dec., Barbarie, wife of Mr. John Mawtus of Ripon.
..,,... 12th Jan., Richard, son of Mr. John Mawtus of Ripon.
1654. 12th Feb., Robert Mawtus of Ripon.
1656. 24th Aug., Stephen Mawtus of Audfield.
1657. 4th April, Mr. Richard Mawtus of Ripon.
..,,... 10th May, John, s. of Mr. Ric. M. of Ripon.
..,,... 4th Sep., William Mawtus of Hutton.
1658. 26th May, Ralph, s. of Mr. John Mawtus.



152THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

1659. 5th May, Joan, wife of Thomas Mawtus of Copt-Hewick.
..,,... 20th June, Joan, d. of Antholly Mawtus of Copt-Hewick.
..,,... 17th Dec., Michael, s. of George Mawtus of Hewick-Bridge.
..,,... 7th Jan., Eliz. Mawtus of Ripon, widow.
..,,... 2nd Feb., Mrs. Isabel Mawtus of Ripon.
1660. 14th July, Luke, s. of Thomas Mawtus of Copt-Hewick.
1661 ? 17th Mar., Ursula Maltus of Hutton-Coniers.
1662. 26th April, Isabel, wife of George Mawltus of Grantley.
..,,... 11th Sep., Catherine, d. of William Maltus of Sharo.
1665. 10th Aug., Charles, s. of Anthony Mawtus.
..,,... 17th Jan., Abigail, d. of Thomas Mawtus of Copt-Hewick.
1666. 19th.June, Frances, d. of John Mawtus of Ripon.
1667. 15th April, Francis Mawtus of Grantley.
..,,... 21st May, Richard, s. of John Mawtus of Ripon.
1670. 31st Dec., Isabel, wife of George Mawtus of Hewick-Bridge.
..,,... 1st Jan., Gilbert Mawtus of Audfield.
1672. 25th Sep., Barbara, d. of John Mawtus of Double Gates.
1673. 1st Jan., Martha, d. of John Mawtus of Double Gates.
..,,... 3rd Feb., Ella, d. of Thomas Mawtus of Ripon.
1675. 6th Aug., William Mawtus of Audfield.
1676. 9th Nov., Isabel, wife of Anthony Mawtus of Ripon.
1677. 4Th Mar., Sarah, d. of John Mawtus of Double Gates.
1681. 6th Oct., Margaret Mawtus of Aldfield.
..,,... 20th Oct., Ralph Mawtus of Ripon.
1683. 11th Aug., Marmaduke Mawtus of Audfield.
1687. 8th Dec., Annie, wife of George Malthouse of Hewick.
1690. 24th Oct., George Malthouse of Grantley.
..,,... 1st Feb., Anne Malthouse of Thorpe Moor.
1694. 13th May, A stillborn child of Will. Malthouse of Hutton-Conyers.
1702. 28th Feb., John Maltus of Clotherholme.
1703. 18th April, John Maltus of Bondgate.
..,,... 8th Nov., John Maltus of Hutton-Conyers.
..,,... 13th Dec., Thomas, s. of Will. Maltus of Hutton
..,,... 18th Mar., Beatrix Maltus of Aldfield.
1704. 11th April, Mary, d. of Henry Maltus of Aldfield.
1705. 31st Aug., Mary, wife of Henry Maltus of Aldfield.




THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.153

1708. 10th April, John, son of Will. Maltus of Bondgate.
..,,... 9th July, Sara Maltus of Aldfield.
..,,... 9th Mar., Sara Maltus of Aldfield.
1710. 8th Dec., Gilbert Maltus of Aldfield.
1711. 19th Dec., Anne Maltus of Aldfield.
1716. 9th May, Anne, d. of Will. Maltus of Ripon.
..,,... 31st Dec., Anne, d. of Will. Maltus of Hutton-Conyers.
1717. 21st July, Richard, s. of Ric. Maltus of Aldfield.
..,,... 11th Jan., John Maultus of Aldfield.
1720. 20th Mar., Mary Maltus of Double-Gates.
1721. 16th Sep., George Mawtus of Audfield.
..,,... 21st Oct., Thomas Mawtus of Hewick-Bridge.
..,,... 12th Mar., William Maultus of Hutton-Conyers.
1725. 28th Sep., Eliz., da. of Phillip Maultus of Aldfield.
1728. 12th Aug., Richard Maultus of Audfield.
..,,... 27th Dec., Richard Maltus of Audfield, pauper.
1729. 21st May, Dorothy, da. of Phillip Mawtus of Audfield.
..,,... 27th Nov., Henry Maltus of Aldfield   [sic].
..,,... 11th Feb., Margaret Maltus of Aldfield.
1730. 24th May, William Maultus of Hutton Conyers.
..,,... 11th Nov., John, s. of Stephen Malthouse of Bondgate.
1731. 9th Jan., Stillborn child of Stephen Malthouse of Bondgate.
..,,... 20th Feb., Ann, da. of Jonathan Maltus of Aldfield.
1737. 19th Sep., John, son of William Malthouse of Ripon.
1740. 20th Sep.? Saray, da. of Stephen Maltus of Ripon.
1742. 14th July, Robert Maltus of Littlethorpe.
1743. 2nd Oct., Mary Maltus, of Aldfield, widow, buried there.
1752. 19th Jan., Lucy, daughter of Francis Malthus, Aldfield.
1753. 28th Jan., Mary Maltus, widow, Hutton.
1755. 22nd Feb., William, son of Philip Maltus, Aldfield.
1756. 4th July, Ann, wife of William Maltus, Ripon.
1759. 28th Mar. William Maltus.
1772. 6th Feb., Frances Maltus, widow, Aldfield.
1774. 14th Jan., Ellen Maltus spinster, Ripon.
..,,... 4th July, William, s. of Philip Maltus, junr., Aldfield.
1777. 17th June, Stephen Maltus, Ripon.

20

154THE FAMILY OF MALTHUS.

1782. 7th Sep., Ann, wife of Philip Malthouse, Aldfield.
..,,... 9th Oct., Philip Malthouse, Aldfield.
1785. 19th Feb., Lucy, wife of Philip Malthouse, Aldfield.
..,,... 26th July, Frances, wife of Stephen Maltus, Bondgate.
1786. 17th Nov., Stephen Maltus, Bondgate.
1789. 13th Jan., Thomas Malthouse, Hutton.
1795. 22nd April, Susanna Malthouse, widow, Hutton.
1802. 17th Sep., William Malthouse, Ripon.
1806. 1st May, Elizabeth Maltus, Winkesley.
1808. 2nd Nov., Sarah Maltus of Aldfield.





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